I read this fascinating article at the FoxNews website. I’ve highlighted some things that stand out to me:
Millions of healthy people – including shy or defiant children, grieving relatives and people with fetishes – may be wrongly labeled mentally ill by a new international diagnostic manual, specialists said on Thursday.
In a damning analysis of an upcoming revision of the influential Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), psychologists, psychiatrists and mental health experts said its new categories and “tick-box” diagnosis systems were at best “silly” and at worst “worrying and dangerous.”
Some diagnoses – for conditions like “oppositional defiant disorder” and “apathy syndrome” – risk devaluing the seriousness of mental illness and medicalising behaviors most people would consider normal or just mildly eccentric, the experts said.
At the other end of the spectrum, the new DSM, due out next year, could give medical diagnoses for serial rapists and sex abusers – under labels like “paraphilic coercive disorder” – and may allow offenders to escape prison by providing what could be seen as an excuse for their behavior, they added.
The DSM is published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and has descriptions, symptoms and other criteria for diagnosing mental disorders. It is used internationally and is seen as the diagnostic “bible” for mental health medicine.
More than 11,000 health professionals have already signed a petition (at dsm5-reform.com) calling for the development of the fifth edition of the manual to be halted and re-thought.
“The proposed revision to DSM … will exacerbate the problems that result from trying to fit a medical, diagnostic system to problems that just don’t fit nicely into those boxes,” said Peter Kinderman, a clinical psychologist and head of Liverpool University’s Institute of Psychology at a briefing about widespread concerns over the book in London.
He said the new edition – known as DSM-5 – “will pathologise a wide range of problems which should never be thought of as mental illnesses.”
“Many people who are shy, bereaved, eccentric, or have unconventional romantic lives will suddenly find themselves labeled as mentally ill,” he said. “It’s not humane, it’s not scientific, and it won’t help decide what help a person needs.”
Radical, reckless and inhumane
Simon Wessely of the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London said a look back at history should make health experts ask themselves: “Do we need all these labels?”
He said the 1840 Census of the United States included just one category for mental disorder, but by 1917 the APA was already recognizing 59. That rose to 128 in 1959, to 227 in 1980, and again to around 350 disorders in the fastest revisions of DSM in 1994 and 2000.
Allen Frances, Emeritus professor at Duke University and chair of the committee that oversaw the previous DSM revision, said the proposed DSM-5 would “radically and recklessly expand the boundaries of psychiatry” and result in the “medicalisation of normality, individual difference, and criminality.”
As an unintended consequence, he said an emailed comment, many millions of people will get inappropriate diagnoses and treatments, and already scarce funds would be wasted on giving drugs to people who don’t need them and may be harmed by them.
Nick Craddock of Cardiff University’s department of psychological medicine and neurology, who also spoke at the London briefing, cited depression as a key example of where DSM’s broad categories were going wrong.
Whereas in previous editions, a person who had recently lost a loved one and was suffering low moods would be seen as experiencing a normal human reaction to bereavement, the new DSM criteria would ignore the death, look only at the symptoms, and class the person as having a depressive illness.
Other examples of diagnoses cited by experts as problematic included “gambling disorder,” “internet addiction disorder” and “oppositional defiant disorder” – a condition in which a child “actively refuses to comply with majority’s requests” and “performs deliberate actions to annoy others.”
“That basically means children who say ‘no’ to their parents more than a certain number of times,” Kinderman said. “On that criteria, many of us would have to say our children are mentally ill.”
I have already dealt with a couple of cases in my biblical counseling where parents / or guardians have begun to label their child according to these “mental illnesses“. While the DSM-5 will come out, and I don’t expect any significant changes, it doesn’t really change the reasons why these types of behavior are not being labled “mental illnesses”. Even in this secular news article a response from “mental health experts” are saying that all this labeling does is make excuses for human behavior.
It’s time to stop making excuses. It’s time for personal responsibility. And it’s time for responsible counseling and diagnosis. Are there mental illnesses? Yes. Is the mental illness label being grossly misused to excuse behavior? Yes. So, biblical counselor, how do you address such a thing?
Here are some simple tips:
- Consider the necessity for your counselee to have a medical check up. Perhaps some thing more is happening than what first meets the eye.
- Work hand in hand with the physician.
- In the conversations you have with your counselee, ask probing questions to get to the heart / root of the problem – or cause – of suffering / sin.
- Compassionately guide your counselee to grow in the grace and knowledge of Jesus Christ.
- Equip your counselee with the tools needed to address the suffering or sin in their lives.
This is by no means a complete list. And let me just say – lists are cold. Be compassionate, enter the suffering with your counselee. Be patient with instruction to your counselee. Use an appropriate amount of grace and truth as you disciple/counsel your counselee. Finally, be wise to the methodology of secular psychology and psychiatry. I do not suggest a wholesale rejection of it, but use what is proper, biblical and helpful to your counselee. The DSM-5 might need to be revised, but Scripture never does. Therefore, ground your counseling in the stronghold of God’s Word.